I’ve been ask a lot of questions regarding the different types of rips and other terms, the most frequently ask are DVD Rip and DivX so I decide to write a post about different kinds of Rips and terms that are usually used in movie titles. Hope this helps everyone!
Asian Silvers / PDVD:
These are films put out by eastern bootleggers, and these are usually bought by some groups to put out as their own. Silvers are very cheap and easily available in a lot of countries, and its easy to put out a release, which is why there are so many in the scene at the moment, mainly from smaller groups who don’t last more than a few releases. PDVDs are the same thing pressed onto a DVD. They have removable subtitles, and the quality is usually better than the silvers. These are ripped like a normal DVD, but usually released as VCD
ASPECT RATIO TAGS:
These are *WS* for widescreen (letterbox) and *FS* for Fullscreen.
VCD and SVCD films will extract to give a BIN/CUE. Load the .CUE into notepad and make sure the first line contains only a filename, and no path information. Then load the cue into Nero/CDRWin etc and this will burn the VCD/SVCD correctly. TV rips are released as MPEG. DivX files are just the plain DivX – .AVI
A cam is the lowest and worst quality source of movies. A cam is a rip usually done with a digital video camera by someone who made a copy of a movie by sitting in the back of a theater. The camera often shakes, and shadows of people’s heads are often seen. Sound is taken mostly from the onboard microphone of the camera, and especially in comedies, laughter can often be heard during the film. So the picture and sound quality are usually quite poor, but sometimes we’re lucky, and the theater will be fairly empty and a fairly clear signal will be heard.
A release can also be custom subbed. For example, Dutch subtitles were added to this rip: Mission.Impossible.III.2006.Custom.NL.Subbed.NTSC. DVDRip.AC3.Xvid-XvidsNL.
CVD is a combination of VCD and SVCD formats, and is generally supported by a majority of DVD players. It supports MPEG2 bit-rates of SVCD, but uses a resolution of 352×480(ntsc) as the horizontal resolution is generally less important. Currently no groups release in CVD.
DC (Director’s Cut):
A director’s cut is a specially edited version of a movie that is supposed to represent the director’s own approved edit of the movie. It is often released some time after the original release of the film, where the original release was released in a version different from the director’s approved edit.
A DivX re-enc is a film that has been taken from its original VCD source, and re-encoded into a small DivX file. Most commonly found on file sharers, these are usually labeled something like Film.Name.Group(1of2) etc. Common groups are SMR and TND. These aren’t really worth downloading, unless you’re that unsure about a film u only want a 200mb copy of it. Generally avoid.
DivX / XviD:
DivX is a format designed for multimedia platforms. It uses two codecs, one low motion, one high motion. most older films were encoded in low motion only, and they have problems with high motion too. A method known as SBC (Smart Bit-rate Control) was developed which switches codecs at the encoding stage, making a much better print. The format is Ana orphic and the bit-rate/resolution are interchangeable. Due to the higher processing power required, and the different codecs for playback, its unlikely we’ll see a DVD player capable of play DivX for quite a while, if at all. There have been players in development which are supposedly capable, but nothing has ever arisen. The majority of PROPER DivX rips (not Re-Encs) are taken from DVDs, and generally up to 2hours in good quality is possible per disc. Various codecs exist, most popular being the original Divx3.11a and the new XviD codecs.
Means that the dvd contains more than one audio language.
DSR (Digital Stream Rip):
Recorded from Digital Satellite, quality is similar to PDTV.
If a film is dubbed, it is a special version where the actors’ voices are in another language.
DVB (Digital Video Broadcast):
The standard for direct broadcast television in Europe and the US Based on MPEG2 Compression.
Is the recordable DVD solution that seems to be the most popular (out of DVD-RAM, DVD-R and DVD+R). it holds 4.7gb of data per side, and double sided discs are available, so discs can hold nearly 10gb in some circumstances. SVCD mpeg2 images must be converted before they can be burnt to DVD-R and played successfully. DVD>DVDR copies are possible, but sometimes extras/languages have to be removed to stick within the available 4.7gb.
A DVDRIP is taken from a retail dvd that you can buy. However, most are released on the internet a few months before you can buy them. DVDRIPS are high quality, as you would imagine.
DVDSCR (DVD Screener):
The same as a screener, but transferred off a DVD. The ticker is not usually in the black bars, and will disrupt the viewing. If the ripper has any skill, a DVDscr should be very good.
Sometimes movies are released again on DVD because now the movie is extended. They have put back deleted scenes. For example, E.T. was produced first in 1982 and years later it was brought on DVD again, but now digitally remastered and extended.
Aspect Ratio Tags.
HDTV (High Definition Televison):
For TV Rips. Digital recording from a source stream at a bitrate from 19,39mbps or higher.
An internal release is done for several reasons. The most common reason is because it has already been release before, and with iNTERNAL in title, the release won’t be nuked. I happens quite often with DVD’s. Also lower quality theater rips are done iNTERNAL so not to lower the reputation of the group.
A movie is LiMiTED when it has a limited theater run (in less than 300 UK theaters, or in less than 500 USA theaters). Mostly smaller films (such as art house films) are released as limited.
MiniDVD/cDVD is the same format as DVD but on a standard CDR/CDRW. Because of the high resolution/bit-rates, its only possible to fit about 18-21 mins of footage per disc, and the format is only compatible with a few players.
MULTi / MULTiSUBS:
When there are multiple languages or subtitles.
NL / NO / DE / IT … (Language Codes):
The language of the movie and the language of the subtitles can also be mentioned in the release name. Sometimes the language is fully mentioned in the release name, such as DUTCH, NORDiC, GERMAN and iTALiAN. Sometimes it’s shortened, then the ISO standard country are used, the same like for net domains, for example: NL (Dutch), NO (Nordic), DE (Germany), IT (Italian). For the full list, click here.
NTSC and PAL are the two main standards used across the world. NTSC has a higher frame rate than pal (29fps compared to 25fps) but PAL has an increased resolution, and gives off a generally sharper picture. Playing NTSC discs on PAL systems seems a lot easier than vice-versa, which is good news for the Brits icon_smile.gif An RGB enabled scart lead will play an NTSC picture in full colour on most modern tv sets, but to record this to a VHS tape, you will need to convert it to PAL50 (not PAL60 as the majority of DVD players do.) This is either achieved by an expensive converter box (in the regions of ?200+) an onboard converter (such as the Dansai 852 / certain Daewoos / Samsung 709 ) or using a World Standards VCR which can record in any format.
A movie may be nuked because of a bad rar pack, a missing rar file, the movie being mislabled, or for simply horrible quality.
PDTV (Pure Digital Television):
For TV Rips. Other resolution digital recordings from source streams at a bitrate of 10+mbps or higher.
PPV (Pay Per View television):
Pay television programming for which viewers pay a separate fee for each program ordered.
A group adds Proper to their release if they believe they released the best quality version of the movie the fastest.
Rated / Unrated:
Rated means a movie is censored, unrated means uncensored.
RCE (Regional Coding Enhancement) was designed to overcome “Multiregion” players, but it had a lot of faults and was overcome. Very few titles are RCE encoded now, and it was very unpopular.
When something important is mentioned in the NFO or as a replacement for PROPER.
This was designed to stop people buying American DVDs and watching them earlier in other countries, or for older films where world distribution is handled by different companies. A lot of players can either be hacked with a chip, or via a remote to disable this.
If a group releases a bad rip(Nuke), they will release a Repack which will fix the problems. It’s similar to PROPER but then done by the same group.
A previous rip was bad, now it’s ripped again properly.
A screener is taken from a VHS tape that is used for promotional use, such as award shows. Depending on the equipment used, screener quality can range from excellent if done from a MASTER copy, to very poor if done on an old VHS recorder. Many times the screen contains a “ticker” (a message that scrolls past at the bottom of the screen, with the copyright and anti-copy telephone number).
SE (Special Edition):
Like the name says, it’s a special dvd edition of a movie. Often special editions contain extra material like trailers, interviews, making-of.
SDTV (Standard Digital Television):
For TV Rips. Digital recording or capture from a source stream at any resolution with bitrate under 10mbps.
STV (Straight To Video):
These movies were never released in theaters, but they were immediately released on video/dvd.
If a release is subbed, it usually means it has hard encoded subtitles burnt throughout the movie.
SVCD is an mpeg2 based (same as DVD) which allows variable bit-rates of up to 2500kbits at a resolution of 480×480 (NTSC) which is then decompressed into a 4:3 aspect ratio when played back. Due to the variable bit-rate, the length you can fit on a single CDR is not fixed, but generally between 35-60 Mins are the most common. To get a better SVCD encode using variable bit-rates, it is important to use multiple “passes”. this takes a lot longer, but the results are far clearer.
Telecine are rare because the equipment used to make them is expensive, it is a digitally copy from the reels. Sound and picture should be very good.
TimeCode is a visible counter on screen throughout the film.
A TS movie is usually capped from a digital camera just like a cam, except it uses an external audio source (most likely an audio jack in the chair for hard of hearing people). A lot of the times a telesync is filmed in an empty cinema or from the projection booth with a professional camera, giving a better picture quality. Quality ranges drastically, from almost that of a vhs tape to a really bad cam, check the sample before downloading the full release.
TV episode that is either from Network or from satellite feeds sending the program around to networks a few days earlier.
Unrated / Rated:
Rated means a movie is censored, unrated means uncensored.
When a film has had a subbed release in the past, an Unsubbed release may be released
VCD is an mpeg1 based format, with a constant bitrate of 1150kbit at a resolution of 352×240 (NTCS). VCDs are generally used for lower quality transfers (CAM/TS/TC/Screener(VHS)/TVrip(analogue) in order to make smaller file sizes, and fit as much on a single disc as possible. Both VCDs and SVCDs are timed in minutes, rather than MB, so when looking at an mpeg, it may appear larger than the disc capacity, and in reality u can fit 74min on a CDR74.
Transferred off a retail VHS.
A lot of films come from Asian Silvers/PDVD (see below) and these are tagged by the people responsible. Usually with a letter/initials or a little logo, generally in one of the corners. Most famous are the “Z” “A” and “Globe” watermarks.
A workprint is a copy of the film that has not been finished. It can be missing scenes, music, and quality can range from excellent to very poor with ‘time bars’ on the movie.
Aspect Ratio Tags.
These are basically VCD/SVCD that don’t obey the “rules”. They are both capable of much higher resolutions and bit-rates, but it all depends on the player to whether the disc can be played. X(S)VCD are total non-standards, and are usually for home-ripping by people who don’t intend to release them.